BPI-Bit

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Introduction

Overview: BPI:bit
Overview: BPI:bit
Overview: BPI:bit for Webduino

The BPI bit (also referred to as BPI-bit, stylised as bpi:bit) is an ESP32 with 32-bit Xtensa LX6 dual-core processor based embedded system. It supports Webduino, Arduino, MicroPython as well as Scratch X programming environments.

BPI:bit hardware main function:

Webduino web en 1.png

bpi:bit board is 5 cm x 5 cm in size, weighs 10 ~ 12 grams, it houses a 20-Pin edge connector, built-in lighting matrix with 25 programmable full-color LEDs , two photosensitive light sensors, two programmable buttons, an NTC resistor, a buzzer and a nine shaft sensor (triaxial acceleration Three-axis gyroscope and three-axis magnetic compass), the I/O space configuration is as follows:

  • Full color LED matrix: GPIO4
  • Photosensitive sensor: GPIO36 (Analog A0, upper left), GPIO39 (Analog A3, upper right)
  • Button switch : GPIO35 (A), GPIO27 (B)
  • Temperature sensor: GPIO34 (Analog A6)
  • Buzzer: GPIO25
  • MPU-9250 9-axis sensor: GPIO0, GPIO21, GPIO22, GPIO33

Hardware

Description

The board is 5 cm × 5 cm and has an ESP32 module with 32bit Xtensa LX6 dual-core processor, with a capacity of up to 600DMIPS, with a built-in 448KB ROM and 520 KB SRAM.accelerometer and magnetometer sensors,2.4G WiFI,Bluetooth and USB connectivity, a display consisting of 25 LEDs, two programmable buttons, and can be powered by either USB or an external battery pack.The device inputs and outputs are through five ring connectors that are part of the 23-pin edge connector.

BPI:bit provides a wide range of onboard resources, supports photosensitive sensor, digital triaxial sensor, digital compass, temperature sensor interface.Webduino:bit have 25 intelligent control LED light source that the control circuit and RGB chip are integrated in a package of 5050 components.Cascading port transmission signal by single line.Each pixel of the three primary color can achieve 256 brightness display, completed 16777216 color full color display, and scan frequency not less than 400Hz/s.

BPI:bit use MPU9250 onboard, MPU-9250 is a multi-chip module (MCM) consisting of two dies integrated into a single QFN package. One die houses the 3-Axis gyroscope and the 3-Axis accelerometer. The other die houses the AK8963 3-Axis magnetometer from Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation. Hence, the MPU-9250 is a 9-axis MotionTracking device that combines a 3-axis gyroscope, 3-axis accelerometer, 3-axis magnetometer and a Digital Motion Processor™ (DMP) all in a small 3x3x1mm package available as a pin-compatible upgrade from the MPU-6515. With its dedicated I2C sensor bus, the MPU-9250directly provides complete 9-axis MotionFusion™ output. The MPU-9250 MotionTracking device, with its 9-axis integration, on-chip MotionFusion™, and runtime calibration firmware, enables manufacturers to eliminate the costly and complex selection, qualification, and system level integration of discrete devices, guaranteeing optimal motion performance for consumers. MPU-9250 is also designed to interface with multiple non-inertial digital sensors, such as pressure sensors, on its auxiliary I²C port.

Interface

BPI bit interfact.JPG

Edge interface

BPI bit edge pin define.png

PIN definitions

The edge interface is much compatible with those of micro:bit. so you may able to use micro:bit accessories on bpi:bit

HardWare PIN define of BPI:bit
Pin Name Analog Function1 Analog Function2 Function1 Function2 Power
P3 ADC2_CH4 GPIO13
P0 ADC2_CH8 DAC_1 GPIO25
P4 ADC2_CH3 GPIO16
P5 ADC1_CH7 GPIO35
P6 ADC2_CH5 GPIO12
P7 ADC2_CH6 GPIO14
P1 ADC1_CH4 GPIO32
P8 GPIO16
P9 GPIO17
P10 ADC2_CH9 DAC_2 GPIO26
P11 ADC2_CH7 GPIO27
P12 ADC2_CH2 GPIO02
P2 ADC1_CH5 GPIO33
P13 GPIO18 SPI_SS
P14 GPIO19 SPI_SCK
P15 GPIO23 SPI_MISO
P16 GPIO05 SPI_MOSI
3V3 POWER:3V3
3V3 POWER:3V3
3V3 POWER:3V3
P19 GPIO22 I2C_SCL
P20 GPIO21 I2C_SDA
GND GROUND
GND GROUND
GND GROUND

5*5 LED list

BPI:bit have 25 LEDs on board, it can be controlled with a single GPIO.

25 5*5 LED list of BPI:bit
20 15 10 5 0
21 16 11 6 1
22 17 12 7 2
23 18 13 8 3
24 19 14 9 4

MPU9250 9-axis sensor

The 9-axis sensor, MPU9250, is placed on the BPI:bit board. and MPU9250 uses I2C 0x69 address.

The 9-axis is the combination of 3 separate triple axis sensors. For more detailed information of this chip, click here MPU 9250 datasheet to view the datasheet.

BPI:bit power

When you use BPI:bit, you need to supply the board first, and the bit supports three power supply modes

  • 1.micro USB port:USB cable power supply, the design of BPI:bit board has Micro USB interface, which is quite common in daily life and is quite convenient to use.
  • 2.Battery port:Through 2 pin battery power supply socket, can through the lithium battery, battery pack to power supply board, interface fool proof design, don't worry about the power supply through the 2 pin battery power supply socket, can through the lithium battery, battery pack to power supply board, interface fool proof design, don't have to worry about power supply meet the problem.
  • 3.Goldfinger :Power is supplied through the gold finger, and the gold finger at the bottom of the board contains the power interface. Meanwhile, it has both input and output functions and has high compatibility.

BPI:bit VS micro:bit

bpi:bit VS micro:bit
Module bpi:bit micro:bit
CPU Dual-core 32bit Xtensa LX6, up to 240MHz NXP KL26Z 32bit ARM Cortex M0, up to 16MHz
RAM 520 KB 16 KB
ROM 448 KB Unkown
Flash 4096 KB 256 KB
Bluetooth BT4.2 BR/EDR and BLE BLE only
WIFI 802.11 b/g/n/e/i N/A
Buzzer 1x Buzzer N/A
5*5 LEDS 25 intelligent-control full-color (16777216 color) LEDs, Cascading all LEDs by a single line. 25 red LEDs
photosensitive sensor 2 light sensors Basic light detection function on LEDs
temperature sensor Stand along temperature sensor On CPU chip temperature sensor
Motion sensor MPU-9250 9-axis Motion Tracking : 3-axis accelerometer, 3-axis magnetometer, 3-axis gyroscope 3-axis Accelerometer; 3-axis magnetometer; no gyroscope, no motion processor
IO interface edge interface (compatible with most micro:bit I/O features) edge interface
Button 2 programmable buttons 2 programmable buttons
micro USB 1x micro USB(UART) 1 x micro USB(Mass Storage Device)
Software Webduino, Arduino, MicroPython, Scratch X Microsoft MakeCode, MicroPython, Scratch X
Size 5*5 cm 5*4 cm

Software

BPI:bit planning programming:

BPI bit map wiki.png

Webduino

What is Webduino

Webduino = WebComponents + Arduino

Webduino.png

Webduino working model:

  • 1 use WebComponents integration Breakout.
  • 2 use WebSocket(Firmata) to interacting with the server.
  • 3 Server use TCP/IP(Firmata) to control webduino terminal.

Webduino 1.png

Webduino project VS Arduino and micro:bit project

Webduino project VS Arduino and micro:bit project
item compared Webduino Arduino Micro:bit
development language HTML/JavaScript C/C++ Python/JavaScript
development environment WEB browser Arduino IDE JavaScript Blocks
Simulator Webduino Simulator Third-party support Microsoft MakeCode
graphical programming Wbduino blockly Third-party Scratch Blockly
Cloud Server webduino cloud N/A N/A
attended mode WiFi USB USB
Update the program web online update USB burn USB disk

Webduino Blockly and simulator

  • Webduino Blockly and simulator

Blockly en wiki .png

https://bit.webduino.com.cn/blockly/?lang=en
  • Quick start BPI:bit with Webduino Blockly and simulator
http://www.webduino.com.cn/site/en/tutorials.html

Webduino Cloud

Webduino cloud platform provides your complete Internet of things services. You can update and operate various iot devices through platform management.

https://cloud.webduino.io

Webduino OTA Cloud upgrade

BPI:bit for webduino support OTA cloud upgrade , it is easy to use this function to update newest version.

power on bit ,Press the A button when flash white light, unpress A booton when when the green light is on, so start to update.

Webduino ota.jpg

Webduino firmware programming

How to : Webduino firmware programming

Online tutorials

Arduino

Arduino IDE

microPyhton

Scratch

Examples

MPU9250 sample code

The following is the result of the return of the serial port

Mpu9250.jpg

Resources

Github

Useful links

webduino See sample

  • BPI:bit Through the photosensitive resistors built into Webduino Bit on the left and right sides, it is easy to determine which side the gesture comes from
code link:https://bit.ly/2lFNeYL
demo : https://www.facebook.com/oxxo.studio/videos/10216710024566280/?t=9
  • Using Webduino Bit nine shaft sensor "attitude Angle" + full color dot matrix, simple implementation ~ ^_^ interesting effects
code link: https://bit.ly/2MAhHTF
demo : https://www.facebook.com/oxxo.studio/videos/10216709482752735/?t=20