Getting Started with R2PRO

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Introduction

Banana Pi BPI-R1 Allwinner A20
Banana Pi BPI-R2 with MTK MT7623N chip design
Banana Pi BPI-R2 Pro Rockchip RK3568 design
Banana Pi BPI-W2 with Realtek RTD1296 chip design
Banana Pi BPI-R3 with MediaTek MT7986(Filogic 830)
Banana Pi BPI-M2S Amlogic A311D chip

specifications

Android

Prepare

1. Double male USB data cable for image download or adb debug.
2. MicroUSB cable or usb to ttl cable if you need console debug message print, default baudrate is 1500000.
3. Windows or Linux PC.
4. Download the latest android image, and confirm that the md5 checksum is correct before flashing.

Install Image with Usb Download Tool

Windows

1. Download and install Rockchip USB driver

Driver install 2.PNG

2. Download Rockchip USB Download Tool

This tool defaults language is Chinese. you can change it to English after extract the package. Open RKDevTool_Release_v2.84/config.ini with an text editor (like notepad). The starting lines are:
 #Language Selection: Selected=1(Chinese); Selected=2(English)
 [Language]
 Kinds=2
 Selected=1
 LangPath=Language\

3. Open RKDevTool.exe, Switch to the “upgrade firmware” page. Press the “firmware” button to open the image file to be upgraded. The upgrade tool displays detailed firmware information.

Load image.PNG

4. Disconnect power adapter, connect dual male usb cable from the top usb host port to PC.

5. There have two usb download mode for image upgrade.

  • Uboot Usb Download Mode (loader mode)
It's supposed to use this way if board already flashed a bootable uboot before.
  • Maskrom Usb Download Mode(maskrom mode)
Press the Recovery button or Maskrom button beside 3pin uart header and hold, connect the power adapter or press the RST button if power adapter already connected, about two seconds later, release the button. PC will Identify the device if RK usb driver installed correctly.
Device manage.PNG
The download tool also show the download mode if device connected.
Load download.PNG
Maskrom download.PNG

6. Press the “upgrade” button to start the upgrade.

Upgrade.PNG

7: If the upgrade fails, you can try to erase the Emmc by pressing the EraseFlash button first, and then upgrade image again.

Erase.PNG

Linux

1. Download Linux USB Download Tool, And install it into the system as follows commands:

 $ unzip Linux_Upgrade_Tool_xxxx.zip
 $ cd Linux_UpgradeTool_xxxx
 $ sudo mv upgrade_tool /usr/local/bin
 $ sudo chown root:root /usr/local/bin/upgrade_tool
 $ sudo chmod a+x /usr/local/bin/upgrade_tool

2. Check the windows download processes, enter the right usb download mode and upgrade image firmware with this command:

 $ sudo upgrade_tool uf update.img
Linux download.png

3: If the upgrade fails, try erasing the emmc and upgrade again.

 $ sudo upgrade_tool ef update.img
Linux erase.png
 # upgrade again
 $ sudo upgrade_tool uf update.img

Install Image with SDcard

1. Download Rockchip SDDiskTool.

2. Insert microSD card to Windows PC, 8GB sdcard size at least.

3. Run SD_Firmware_Tool, check the “Upgrade Firmware” box and select the correct removable disk device, Choose firmware image, then Click Create button to make it and wait until it is finshed

Sd download.png

4. Safely remove the microSD card, insert it into the R2pro board, power on the board, it will start upgrading automatically.

Sd upgrade.png

5. After the upgrade, you can see the following info on screen, remove the microSD card and the board will restart automatically to complete the whole process of firmware update.

Sd upgrade finish.png

Build Android Source Code

1. Get Android source code
 $ git clone https://github.com/BPI-SINOVOIP/BPI-Rockchip-Android11 --depth=1
2. Build the Android Source code
Please read the source code README.md

USB OTG Mode Switch

The top usb port is a usb 3.0 otg port, but without hw id pin, it only can be used as host or peripheral.The release image set host mode default, but you can change it in Settings

1. Tablet variant image

Settings->Connected devices->USB Connect to PC, switch on is peripheral mode and switch off is host mode.

Otg mode.png

2. Box variant image

Go to Settings->Device Preferences->About, tap "Build" seven times to enable "Developer options" preference. Then back to Settings->Device Preferences->Developer options.Switch on is peripheral mode and switch off is host mode.

Box otg mode.png

Dual Display

Touch Panel

R2Pro hw design only have one group TP io, CN7, CN8, CN9 are all connect to it, so only one interface Touch Screen can be used at the same time. you can enable or disable it in dtb
 &i2c1 {
         status = "okay"
 }

IR Custom

Wlan&BT

CN13 M.2 KEY E Slot is used for connect Wlan&BT adapter, default image support [RTL8822CE(PCIE+USB)] and [RTL8822CS(SDIO+UART)].

Linux

The below steps is to flash linux release image into BPI-R2PRO

Prepare

1. Double male USB data cable for image download into EMMC
2. MicroUSB cable or usb to ttl cable if you need debug, default baudrate is 1500000.
3. Windows or Linux PC.
4. Download the Linux Release Image Linux Release Image, and confirm that the md5 checksum is correct before flashing.

Note: The below picture is for BPI-R2PRO's Debug Connecting, the blue usb cable is Double male USB data cable for image download, the white MicroUSB cable is linux serial console, please install CH340E's USB convert serial driver.

BPI-R2PRO-Debug-Connect.jpg

Install Whole Image with Usb Download Tool

Windows Driver install

1. Download and install Rockchip USB driver

File:Driver install.PNG

2. Download Rockchip USB Download Tool for EMMC upgrade

This tool defaults language is Chinese. you can change it to English after extract the package. Open RKDevTool_Release_v2.84/config.ini with an text editor (like notepad). The starting lines are:
 #Language Selection: Selected=1(Chinese); Selected=2(English)
 [Language]
 Kinds=2
 Selected=2
 LangPath=Language\

3. Open RKDevTool.exe, Switch to the “upgrade firmware” page. Press the “firmware” button to open the image file to be upgraded. The upgrade tool displays detailed firmware information.

  Note: Because Linux's release image is very large, So you need wait for a long time when Software open and analysis the image file.
Bpi-r2pro-Firmware.png

4. Disconnect power adapter, connect dual male usb cable from the top usb host port to PC.

5. There have two usb download mode for image upgrade.

  • Uboot Usb Download Mode (loader mode)
It's supposed to use this way if board already flashed a bootable uboot before.
  • Maskrom Usb Download Mode
Press the Recovery button or Maskrom button beside 3pin uart header and hold, connect the power adapter or press the RST button if power adapter already connected, about two seconds later, release the button. PC will Identify the device if RK usb driver installed correctly.
Device manage.PNG
The download tool also show the download mode if device connected.
Load download.PNG
Maskrom download.PNG

6. Press the “upgrade” button to start the upgrade.

Upgrade.PNG

7: If the upgrade fails, you can try to erase the Emmc by pressing the EraseFlash button first, and then upgrade image again.

Erase.PNG

Install Separate Images with Usb Download Tool

1. Download Rockchip USB Download Tool for EMMC upgrade 2. Open RKDevTool.exe, Switch to the “Download Image” page. The upgrade tool displays detailed all firmware image information. Then all image file is ready, you may push "run", the upgrade process begin.

  Note: Because Linux's release package, Example: Ubuntu-22.04-Desktop-EMMCBoot-rockdev-MT7531SW-DSA.zip, unzip it into the same folder "Update-EMMC-Tools" inside.
Bpi-r2pro-emmc-flash.png

Install Image with SDcard

1. Download Rockchip SDDiskTool.

2. Insert microSD card to Windows PC, 8GB sdcard size at least.

3. Run SD_Firmware_Tool, check the “Upgrade Firmware” box and select the correct removable disk device, Choose firmware image, then Click Create button to make it and wait until it is finshed

Sd download.png

4. Safely remove the microSD card, insert it into the R2pro board, power on the board, it will start Linux System.

Build Linux BSP Source Code

1. Get Linux source code
 $ git clone https://github.com/BPI-SINOVOIP/BPI-R2PRO-BSP.git
2. Build the Linux BSP Source code

Dual Display

  Note: All linux Image suuport dual display HDMI and eDP together, eDP only support 1920x1080.
  Note: HDMI Display
HDMI-Monitor-Display.jpg
  Note: eDP panel Display
EDP-Monitor-Display.jpg

Wlan&BT

CN13 M.2 KEY E Slot is used for connect Wlan&BT adapter, default image support RTL8822CE(PCIE+USB) and RTL8822CS(SDIO+UART).