Getting Started with BPI-M4 Zero

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1. Download latest Android image and confirm that the checksum is correct before flashing.
2. Download and Install Allwinner Image Download Tools, PhoenixSuit is for window.
3. Type-C cable, 5V/3A power supply.
4. It's recommended that 4GB+32GB spec at least works well for M4 Berry/Zero android12.

Install Image with USB tool

1. Open PhoenixSuit, click the Firmware icon to switching to firmware download panel, then click Image button and choose the Android Image file.
M4-berry android 1.jpg
M4-berry android 2.jpg
2. Press and hold the SW2 FEL button on M4 Zero while connecting CN2 OTG port to the computer using type-c, popup a warning dialog.Press Yes.
M4-berry android 3.jpg
3. Download
M4-berry android 4.jpg
4. Download finish
M4-berry android 5.jpg

Build Android Source Code

Please read the source code

Change boot logo and bootanimation by adb command
1. Boot logo
Prepare a 24bit bootlogo.bmp file, resolution limited to 1280x720, then push it to android by adb
 $ adb root
 $ adb remount
 $ adb push bootlogo.bmp /Reserve0/
 $ adb reboot
2. Bootanimation logo
Create a folder named media, copy to media folder and push it to android by adb
 $ adb root
 $ adb remount
 $ adb push media /system/
 $ adb reboot
Change boot logo and bootanimation by building android source code
1. Boot logo
Rename the logo file to bootlogo.bmp and put it in longan/device/config/chips/h618/boot-resource/boot-resource/ directory.
2. Bootanimation logo
Put to device/softwinner/apollo/common/media/bootanimation/ directory.
3. Launcher logo for Box variant image
Create a 270x110, 32 bit depth, png image and rename it to aw_logo.png, put it in vendor/aw/common/package/TVLauncher/res/drawable-xhdpi/ directory.
Then build the source code and flash the image to your board.

Install Play Store

Install Play Store with Magisk, it's not recommended.
1. Download the latest Magisk app
2. Download LiteGapps arm package
4. Copy Magisk apk file and LiteGapps zip package to SDcard and plugin it to the board.
5. Follow the process in the video to Install Google Play store.
Another way, you can build the android source code with OpenGApps google play include.
1. Apply this patch to source code.
 diff --git a/device/softwinner/apollo/common/opengapps/ 
 index 4c2a7f3..c7ff30e 100644
 --- a/device/softwinner/apollo/common/opengapps/
 +++ b/device/softwinner/apollo/common/opengapps/
 @@ -1,4 +1,4 @@

  ifeq ($(BOARD_BUILD_OPENGAPPS), true)
3. Create /vendor/opengapps folder
4. Download OpenGApps aosp_build project to /vendor/opengapps/build
5. Create /vendor/opengapps/sources folder, download OpenGApps projects to /vendor/opengapps/sources/
6. Build the source code and flash image to your board.



1. Linux image support SDcard or EMMC bootup, and will boot from the SD card first.
2. It’s recommended to use A1 rated cards, 8GB at least.
3. Make sure bootable EMMC is formatted if you want bootup from SDcard.
4. Make sure SDcard is formatted without Linux image flashed if you want bootup from EMMC and use Sdcard as storage.
5. Download latest Linux Image, and confirm that the md5 checksum is correct.
6. Default login: pi/bananapi or root/bananapi
7. The wiki guide is only for bananapi 4.9 bsp ubuntu/debian images.
8. USB-Serial (3.3V). Baud: 115200.

Install Image to SDcard

1. Install Image with Balena Etcher on Windows, Linux and MacOS.
Balena Etcher is an opensource GUI flash tool by Balena, Flash OS images to SDcard or USB drive.
M2s linux flash.png

Install Image to eMMC

1. Make sure that the Linux image has been burned into an SD card and started normally.
2. Enter the following command in the terminal:
sudo bananapi-config
3. By default, select the first item continuously and press the Enter key to install the Linux system image on the eMMC.
Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 12.jpg
Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 13.jpg
Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 14.jpg
Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 15.jpg
Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 16.jpg
Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 17.jpg
Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 18.jpg
4. The last step is to shut down the computer. At this time, disconnect the power supply, remove the SD card, and power on again to boot from eMMC.

Ubuntu Desktop

1. Using the Ubuntu desktop version system image, you can get a graphical operation interface.
2. You need to prepare a monitor with an HDMI interface, an HDMI cable, and a mini HDMI to HDMI adapter.
3. Use an HDMI cable and a mini HDMI to HDMI adapter to connect the monitor and BPI-M4 Zero, switch the monitor input interface to the corresponding HDMI interface, power on, and wait a moment to see the desktop.

Bpi m4 berry ubuntu 1.jpg

Debug UART

1. Prepare a 3.3v USB to TTL module.
2. Use the USB to TTL module to connect the PC USB port and the Debug UART port on the board.
3. Open a serial terminal software on the PC, such as mobaxterm or putty.
4. Taking mobaxterm as an example, after setting the serial port number and 115200 baud rate, you can open the BPI-M4 Zero UART terminal.

Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 1.jpg

Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 2.jpg


1. Prepare a network cable and a router.
2. Use a network cable to connect the LAN port of the router to the BPI-M4 Zero, and also connect the PC to another LAN port.
3. Check the IP address of BPI-M4 Zero on the router management interface, or use the following command on the BPI-M4 Zero UART terminal to check the IP address.
  eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
        inet netmask broadcast
        inet6 fe80::3e1f:688f:81ab:d8b7 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 02:00:54:a0:d6:a6 txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet)
        RX packets 553 bytes 92549 (92.5 KB)
        RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0
        TX packets 329 bytes 26023 (26.0 KB)
        TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0
        device interrupt 42
4. Open an SSH terminal software on the PC, such as mobaxterm or putty.
5. Taking mobaxterm as an example, fill in the obtained IP address, such as above, in the IP address column and 22 in the Port port.

Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 3.jpg

6. Open the SSH terminal and enter the login username/password: pi/bananapi or root/bananapi. There will be no prompt when entering the password. Please enter it normally and press Enter when finished.

Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 4.jpg

NoMachine Remote Desktop

1. Make sure BPI-M4 Zero is connected to the Internet and use the following command to download the nomachine DEB installation package in the system.
2. Or open NoMachine for ARM - arm64 download page in a PC browser, download the DEB installation package, and then copy it to BPI-M4 Zero user directory through SSH or USB disk.
3. After the download is completed, install it through the following command. Note that the file name is based on the actual downloaded file name.
  sudo dpkg -i nomachine_8.9.1_1_arm64.deb
4. PC side also needs to download and install NoMachine. NoMachine download page Select the installation package suitable for the PC operating system, download it locally and complete the installation.
5. Pay attention to keeping the PC and BPI-M4 Zero in the same LAN. You can try SSH connection first to ensure normal communication within the LAN.
6. Open NoMachine on the PC, click the Add button, enter the IP address of BPI-M4 Zero in the Host bar in the window after the jump, and then click the Add button.

Bpi m4 berry nomachine 1.jpg

7. Click the recognized port icon, enter the username/password in the new window that pops up, and then click the OK button.

Bpi m4 berry nomachine 2.jpg Bpi m4 berry nomachine 3.jpg

8. After completing the subsequent settings, you can see the desktop.

Bpi m4 berry nomachine 4.jpg

9. If no device is connected to the HDMI interface, the NoMachine remote desktop will display a black screen. It is recommended to keep the HDMI connection or connect an HDMI decoy device.


Use the nmcli command to scan WiFi hotspots, connect to hotspots, and create AP hotspots.
  nmcli device #List devices
  nmcli device wifi list # List available wifi access points, list can be omitted
  nmcli device wifi connect [SSID] password [PASSWORD] # Connect to the hotspot mySSID. After the connection is successful, the configuration file will be automatically generated. If you want to connect again in the future, you can use the nmcli connection up [SSID] command.
  nmcli device disconnect [device name] # Disconnect wifi, use the wifi device name displayed in the nmcli device command
  nmcli device wifi hotspot con-name [NAME] ifname [device name] ssid [SSID] password [PASSWORD] # Create AP hotspot
  nmcli connection show #List network connection configuration
  nmcli connection down [NAME] # Deactivate a connection
  nmcli connection up [NAME] # Activate a connection
  nmcli connection delete [SSID] #Delete a configuration and no longer save information and automatically connect
  nmcli radio wifi off # Turn off wifi
  nmcli radio wifi on # Turn on wifi

Set static IP, DNS

1. To set a static IP, you need to maintain the connection first. If you want to set an Ethernet static IP, you must first maintain the Ethernet connection; if you want to set a wireless network static IP, you must first maintain a connection to a WIFI.
2. If the upper-level router has assigned the IP address you want to set to other devices, please change it to an idle IP, or ask other devices to give up the IP.
3. Use the nmcli connection show command to display all connections, for example:
  pi@bpi-m4zero:~$ nmcli connection show
  TP-LINK_5G_7747 e4a49726-adf1-44d7-a621-0e3af96cc390 wifi wlx2cc3e6acd5d7
  Wired connection 1 612eda94-55dc-3c85-b05e-f16c41775b4e ethernet --
4. Use the nmcli connection show [NAME] command to display all the properties of a specific connection, such as:
  nmcli connection show TP-LINK_5G_7747 #If you want to see Ethernet, change to Wired connection 1
  #Only list three common items
  ipv4.dns: #The default is the gateway address
  ipv4.addresses: #The default is the IP address assigned by the router DHCP
  ipv4.gateway: #Gateway address, the default is the IP address of the router
5.Set static IP:
  nmcli connection modify TP-LINK_5G_7747 ipv4.addresses
6.Set DNS:
  nmcli connection modify TP-LINK_5G_7747 ipv4.dns #Google DNS
8. After restarting, check whether the modification is successful:
  nmcli connection show TP-LINK_5G_7747

Network time synchronization

Chrony is an open source free Network Time Protocol NTP client and server software. It allows the computer to keep the system clock synchronized with the clock server (NTP), thus allowing your computer to maintain accurate time. Chrony can also be used as a server software to provide time synchronization services for other computers.
  timedatectl set-ntp false #Disable NTP-based network time synchronization
  sudo apt install chrony #Install chrony
  systemctl start chrony #Start chrony
  systemctl enable chrony
  systemctl status chrony
  systemctl restart chrony #Restart service
  timedatectl status #View time synchronization status
  timedatectl list-timezones #View time zone list
  timedatectl set-timezone Asia/Shanghai #Modify time zone
  timedatectl set-ntp true #Enable NTP network time synchronization
  date #View time
  sudo hwclock -r #View hardware clock

View hardware temperature

Enter the following command to view the temperature data returned by the sensor built into the chip on the BPI-M4 Zero board.


Modify HDMI output resolution

When using the Ubuntu desktop operating system, you can find the Displays column in Settings and modify the resolution.

Bpi m4 berry ubuntu 2.jpg

Use USB disk

1. Prepare a USB disk that has been partitioned normally and insert it into the USB interface of BPI-M4 Zero.If it is a USB disk with a type-A plug, you also need a type-A to type-C adapter.
2. In the Ubuntu desktop version, you can see that the USB disk has been recognized and can be opened in the file manager, or partition management can be performed through the GParted tool.

Bpi m4 berry ubuntu 3.jpg

3. In the terminal, mount the USB disk to the local directory:
  mkdir mnt #Create a separate directory in the ~/user directory for mounting for easy management
  cat /proc/partitions | grep "sd*" #List partitions starting with sd
  sudo mount /dev/sda1 ~/mnt/ #Mount /dev/sda1 to ~/mnt/
  ls ~/mnt/ #After mounting, you can list the files in the USB disk
  sudo umount -v /dev/sda1 #umount, then you can remove the USB disk

Use Audio Devices

Prepare an audio file and copy it to the BPI-M4 Zero Ubuntu desktop system through a USB flash drive or SSH.

HDMI audio

1. Prepare a monitor with HDMI audio input function, turn on the relevant functions in the monitor settings, use an HDMI cable and a mini HDMI to HDMI adapter to connect the monitor.
2. Set the output device to HDMI Audio in the Sound column of the settings.

Bpi m4 berry ubuntu 4.jpg

3.Play audio.

Bpi m4 berry ubuntu 5.jpg

Use Bluetooth

1. Open settings in the Ubuntu desktop and connect a Bluetooth device, such as a Bluetooth mouse or keyboard, in the Bluetooth bar.

Bpi m4 berry ubuntu 7.jpg

2. The method to connect the Bluetooth device through the command line in the terminal is as follows:
pi@bpi-m4zero:~$ sudo bluetoothctl #Open the Bluetooth device management tool
[sudo] password for pi:
Agent registered
[CHG] Controller 2C:C3:E6:AC:D5:D8 Pairable: yes
[bluetooth]# power on #Start the Bluetooth function, power off to turn it off
Changing power on succeeded
[bluetooth]# discoverable on #Allow this device to be discovered
Changing discoverable on succeeded
[CHG] Controller 2C:C3:E6:AC:D5:D8 Discoverable: yes
[bluetooth]# pairable on #Allow device pairing
Changing pairable on succeeded
[bluetooth]# scan on #Start scanning
Discovery started
[CHG] Controller 2C:C3:E6:AC:D5:D8 Discovering: yes
[NEW] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 Logitech Pebble #The MAC address and device name of a Bluetooth mouse
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 TxPower: 4
[bluetooth]# pair D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 #Pair the MAC address of the Bluetooth device you want to connect to
Attempting to pair with D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 Connected: yes
[DEL] Device A4:C1:38:9B:F6:FD SLPO20N20200059
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 UUIDs: 00001800-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 UUIDs: 00001801-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 UUIDs: 0000180a-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 UUIDs: 0000180f-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 UUIDs: 00001812-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 UUIDs: 00010000-0000-1000-8000-011f2000046d
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 ServicesResolved: yes
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 Paired: yes
Pairing successful #pairing successfully
[CHG] Device D4:C4:85:A5:C6:B1 Modalias: usb:v046DpB021d0007
[bluetooth]# exit #Exit the Bluetooth device management tool
archlinux bluetooth reference document

Transfer files


scp (secure copy) command in Linux system is used to copy file(s) between servers in a secure way.

The SCP command or secure copy allows the secure transferring of files between the local host and the remote host or between two remote hosts.

It uses the same authentication and security as it is used in the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol.

You can copy files from a Windows terminal to a Linux system on the same LAN. Just make sure the Open SSH client is turned on and can be viewed in Settings > Applications > Optional Features.

If you want to copy files from Windows systems to Linux systems, you also need to enable the Open SSH server.

Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 6.jpg

The scp command format is:

scp [optionals] file_source file_target
1.[optionals] is an optional parameter, such as -r, which can be used to copy the entire directory recursively.
2.file_source The file or directory to be copied.
3.file_target will copy the past path and rename it if a specific file name is entered at the end.

Take copying local files from a Windows system to a Linux system as an example. In the Windows terminal, enter:

PS D:\temp\temp_4> scp ".\hello.txt" [email protected]:"/home/pi/Downloads/"

You can also copy files in the Linux system to the local computer in the Windows terminal:

PS D:\temp\temp_4> scp [email protected]:"/home/pi/Downloads/hello.txt" "D:\temp\temp_4"
Where [email protected] is the user name in the Linux system and the IP address of the BPI-M4 Zero in the LAN.
Where :"/home/pi/Downloads/hello.txt" is the file path in the Linux system.
Where "D:\temp\temp_4" is the path in Windows system.

scp reference document


Files can be managed through a graphical interface using mobaxterm or other similar software.

mobaxterm download
mobaxterm-linux preview version

As shown in the figure below, after establishing an SSH connection in mobaxterm, a file management window will appear on the left side of the interface, which supports copying and pasting by dragging and dropping files.

Bpi m4 berry mobaxterm 7.jpg