Difference between revisions of "Getting Started with BPI-R3"

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(How to burn image to onboard eMMC)
(How to burn image to onboard eMMC)
 
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Line 23: Line 23:
 
*. Mini PCIe via USB
 
*. Mini PCIe via USB
 
*. M.2 KEY-E PCIe inerface
 
*. M.2 KEY-E PCIe inerface
*. Mciro SD card interfact
+
*. Mciro SD card interface
 
*. 26 PIN GPIO
 
*. 26 PIN GPIO
  
Line 33: Line 33:
  
 
   [[Image:R3_debug_console.jpg|320px]]
 
   [[Image:R3_debug_console.jpg|320px]]
 +
 +
  * R3 bootstrap and device select Jumper Setting
 +
  [[Image:BPI-R3-Jumper.png|320px]]
 +
 +
  Note: SW1-A and SW1-B is for boot strap selecting;
 +
        SW1-C is that SPI-Nand or SPI-Nor Device is connected to CPU's SPI bus;
 +
        SW1-D is that SD Card or EMMC device is connected tp CPU's EMMC bus.
 +
 +
  * Examples:
 +
    All Jumper is High.
 +
    [[Image:BPI-R3-Jumper-ALL-High.png|320px]]
 +
 +
    All Jumper is Low.
 +
    [[Image:BPI-R3-Jumper-ALL-Low.png|320px]]
  
 
===How to burn image to SD card===
 
===How to burn image to SD card===
Line 51: Line 65:
 
     2. Install the tools into Windows computer.
 
     2. Install the tools into Windows computer.
 
     3. flash image into SD card.
 
     3. flash image into SD card.
 
+
 
 +
C. Change Boot Jumper to boot from SD, Enable SD Card Device.
 +
    [[Image:BPI-R3-Jumper-ALL-High.png|320px]]
  
 
====How to burn image to onboard eMMC====
 
====How to burn image to onboard eMMC====
Line 68: Line 84:
 
   4. Execute following command to enable and copy image to nand flash:
 
   4. Execute following command to enable and copy image to nand flash:
 
     * mtd erase /dev/mtd0
 
     * mtd erase /dev/mtd0
     * dd if=mtk-bpi-r3-NAND-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.bi of=/dev/mtdblock0
+
     * dd if=mtk-bpi-r3-NAND-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.bin of=/dev/mtdblock0
  
 
   5. Shutdown, remove SD card, and change bootstrap to boot from nand flash and change SD/EMMC switch jumper to EMMC, restart the board from Nand Flash.
 
   5. Shutdown, remove SD card, and change bootstrap to boot from nand flash and change SD/EMMC switch jumper to EMMC, restart the board from Nand Flash.
 +
    Note: Enable EMMC device, boot strap is from nand
 +
    [[Image:BPI-R3-Jumper-Flash-EMMC.png|320px]]
  
=== Network-Configuration===
+
  6. repeat step 3, mount u-disk to /mnt, Execute following command to enable and copy image to EMMC device:
*Network-Configuration : http://www.fw-web.de/dokuwiki/doku.php?id=en:bpi-r2:network:start
+
    * mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
 +
    * echo 0 > /sys/block/mmcblk0boot0/force_ro
 +
    * dd if=bl2_emmc.img of=/dev/mmcblk0boot0
 +
    * dd if=mtk-bpi-r3-EMMC-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.img of=/dev/mmcblk0
 +
    * mmc bootpart enable 1 1 /dev/mmcblk0
  
==Advanced Development==
+
  7. power off R3 board, remove u-disk driver, change bootstrap to boot from emmc device.
===GPIO===
+
    Note: Enable EMMC device, boot strap is from EMMC.
====26 Pins Definition====
+
    [[Image:BPI-R3-Jumper-Boot-EMMC.png|320px]]
  
[[Image:R3_gpio_40.jpg]]
+
=== Network-Configuration===
 +
*Network-Configuration refer to: http://www.fw-web.de/dokuwiki/doku.php?id=en:bpi-r2:network:start
 +
*Network Interface: eth1, lan0 is for WAN; lan4, rax0, lan2, lan5, ra0, lan3, lan1 is for LAN,  ra0 is for 2.4G wireless, rax0 is for 5G wireless.
  
====GPIO Control====
+
[[Image:BPI-R3_network_interface.jpg|640px]]
* echo xxx > /sys/class/gpio/export
 
* echo in/out > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/direction
 
* echo 0/1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/value
 
  
Check the base gpio, you could see mine is 409
+
[email protected]:/# ifconfig
  
[[Image:R64_gpio_base.jpg]]
+
br-lan    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
 +
          inet addr:192.168.1.1  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
 +
          inet6 addr: fe80::eca1:57ff:fe81:ca19/64 Scope:Link
 +
          inet6 addr: fd63:8bea:d5ce::1/60 Scope:Global
 +
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
 +
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 +
          TX packets:15 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 +
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:2418 (2.3 KiB)
  
For example: if you want to change gpio 22 as out highlevel, you need input commands like this:
+
br-wan    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
 +
          inet6 addr: fe80::eca1:57ff:fe81:ca19/64 Scope:Link
 +
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
 +
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 +
          TX packets:34 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 +
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:8538 (8.3 KiB)
  
* echo 431(22+409) > /sys/class/gpio/export
+
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
* echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio431/direction
+
          inet6 addr: fe80::eca1:57ff:fe81:ca19/64 Scope:Link
* echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio431/value
+
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
 +
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 +
          TX packets:32 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 +
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:4408 (4.3 KiB)
 +
          Interrupt:124
  
====PWM Control====
+
eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 4A:BB:84:B4:5D:3F
* echo x >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/export
+
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
* echo 200000 >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwmx/period
+
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
* echo 100000 >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwmx/duty_cycle                                                                   
+
          TX packets:34 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
* echo 1 >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwmx/enable
+
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:8674 (8.4 KiB)
 +
          Interrupt:124
  
====SPI touch panel====
+
lan0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
SPI Panel module:
+
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
 +
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 +
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 +
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
  
2.4" Touch Screen TFT LCD with SPI Interface, 240x320 (ILI9341 + ADS7843/XPT2046/HR2046)
+
lan1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
 +
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
 +
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 +
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 +
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
  
SPI Panel <–> BPIR64
+
lan2      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
 +
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
 +
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 +
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 +
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
  
  T_DO, T_DIN, T_CLK <–> SPIC_0: MOSI / MISO / CLK
+
lan3      Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
  T_CS <–> SPI-CE0
+
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
  T_IRQ <–> IO-37
+
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
SDO, SCK, SDI <–> SPIC_1: MOSI / MISO / CLK
+
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
LED <–> PIN-31
+
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
DC <–> PIN-11
+
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B) TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
  RESET <–> PIN-13
 
CS <–> SPI-CE1
 
GND <–> GND-9
 
VCC <–> 3.3V-1
 
  
DTS Modification:
+
lan4      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
 +
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
 +
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 +
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 +
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
 +
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
  
  / {
+
lan5      Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19
        backlight: backlight {
+
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
                compatible = "gpio-backlight";
+
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
                gpios = <&pio 82 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;        //PIN31 IO-31 : GPIO82
+
          TX packets:15 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
                default-on;
+
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
        };
+
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B) TX bytes:2418 (2.3 KiB)
  };
 
  
  &pio {
+
lo        Link encap:Local Loopback
        spic0_pins: spic0-pins {
+
          inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
                mux {
+
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
                        function = "spi";
+
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536 Metric:1
                        groups = "spic0_0";
+
          RX packets:56 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
                };
+
          TX packets:56 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
        };
+
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
   
+
          RX bytes:4368 (4.2 KiB) TX bytes:4368 (4.2 KiB)
        spic1_pins: spic1-pins {
 
                mux {
 
                        function = "spi";
 
                        groups = "spic1_0";
 
                };
 
        };
 
  }
 
  
  &spi0 {
+
ra0      Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0C:43:26:60:38
        pinctrl-names = "default";
+
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
        pinctrl-0 = <&spic0_pins>;
+
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
        status = "okay";
+
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
        [email protected]0 {
+
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
                reg = <0>;                                //CE0
+
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
                compatible = "ti,ads7843";
+
          Interrupt:6
                interrupt-parent = <&pio>;
 
                interrupts = <86 0>;                      //PIN37: IO-37 == GPIO86
 
                pendown-gpio = <&pio 86 0>;
 
                spi-max-frequency = <1000000>;
 
                vcc-supply = <&reg_3p3v>;
 
                wakeup-source;
 
        };
 
};
 
  
  &spi1 {
+
rax0      Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 02:0C:43:36:60:38
        pinctrl-names = "default";
+
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
        pinctrl-0 = <&spic1_pins>;
+
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
        status = "okay";
+
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
        [email protected]0{
+
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
                compatible = "ilitek,ili9341";
+
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B) TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
                reg = <0>;                                //CE0
 
                spi-max-frequency = <32000000>;
 
                dc-gpios = <&pio 51 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;    //PIN11 UART1-TXD : GPIO51
 
                reset-gpios = <&pio 52 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>; //PIN13 UART1-RXD : GPIO52
 
                backlight = <&backlight>;
 
        };
 
};
 
  
Kernel config:
+
[email protected]:/# brctl show br-wan
  
+CONFIG_FB_TFT_ILI9341
+
bridge name    bridge id              STP enabled    interfaces
+CONFIG_FB_TFT
+
br-wan          7fff.eea15781ca19      no              lan0, eth1
+CONFIG_FB
 
+CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_LCD_SUPPORT
 
+CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE
 
+CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_GPIO
 
+CONFIG_INPUT
 
+CONFIG_INPUT_TOUCHSCREEN
 
+CONFIG_TOUCHSCREEN_ADS7846
 
  
Application:
+
[email protected]:/# brctl show br-lan
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
bridge name    bridge id              STP enabled    interfaces
|-
+
br-lan          7fff.eea15781ca19      no              lan4, rax0, lan2, lan5, ra0, lan3, lan1
| Package  ||+ Description  || Source 
 
|-
 
|  fbv ||  framebuffer image viewer  ||  https://github.com/godspeed1989/fbv
 
|-
 
| input-event-daemon  ||  input-event-daemon with touchTEST event ||  https://github.com/SAM33/input-event-daemon
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
input-event-daemon config that show image by touch area:
+
(I don't know why are the coordinates so strange, but the result of my actual touch and
 
print out that it is like this)
 
  
[Global]
+
==Advanced Development==
listen = /dev/input/event0
+
===GPIO===
listen = /dev/input/event1
+
====26 Pins Definition====
[TouchTEST]
 
340,400,3440,1860 = cat /dev/zero > /dev/fb0; fbv -f /root/bpi_608x429.jpg -s 1
 
340,2260,3440,1860 = cat /dev/zero > /dev/fb0; fbv -f /root/openwrt_449x449.png -s 1
 
  
Banana Pi BPI-R64 SPI touch panel test: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikag-D_TI0g&feature=youtu.be
+
[[Image:R3_gpio_40.jpg]]
  
===Sata===
+
====GPIO Control====
* '''If you want to use Sata interface on R64, you need to give GPIO90 low level'''
+
* echo xxx > /sys/class/gpio/export
** echo 499 > /sys/class/gpio/export
+
* echo in/out > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/direction
** echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/direction
+
* echo 0/1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/value
** echo 0 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/value
 
  
*Test a TOSHIBA HDD DISK, the Read/Write performance are below:
+
Check the base gpio, you could see mine is 411
  
::Read from disk: 50MB/s command: dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=1M count=1024
+
[[Image:BPI-R3-GPIO-Base.jpg]]
  
::Write to disk: 38MB/s  command: dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda bs=1M count=1024
+
For example: if you want to change gpio 22 as out highlevel, you need input commands like this:
[[Image:R64_hdd_sata_test.jpg]]
 
 
 
*Test a SAMSUNG SSD DISK, the Read/Write performance are below:
 
 
 
::Read from disk: 360MB/s command: dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=1M count=1024
 
 
 
::Write to disk:  200MB/s command: dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda bs=1M count=1024
 
[[Image:R64_ssd_sata_test.jpg]]
 
 
 
===PCIe===
 
* '''If you want to use PCIe interface on R64, you need to give GPIO90 high level'''
 
** echo 499 > /sys/class/gpio/export
 
** echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/direction
 
** echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/value
 
 
 
* PCIe supports EC-25 4G module.
 
[[Image:R3_pcie_test_ec25.jpg]]
 
 
 
===GMAC===
 
Use iperf3 to test gmac
 
 
 
1. On PC Terminal:
 
* Execute "iperf3 -s"
 
 
 
2. On R64 console:
 
* TCP test: "iperf3 -c serverIP"
 
* UDP test: "iperf3 -u -c serverIP"
 
[[Image:R64_Gmac_test.jpg]]
 
 
 
===R64 LAN Function===
 
* LAN eth interface is eth2, use "ifconfig eth2 up" to enable it.
 
* Config the ip, "ifconfig eth2 192.168.1.1".
 
  [[Image:R64_Lan_test_1.jpg]]
 
 
 
* Config your dhcp server, "vim /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf", add these configurations.
 
  [[Image:R64_Lan_test_2.jpg]]
 
 
 
* Start dhcp server, "dhcpd eth2".
 
  [[Image:R64_Lan_test_3.jpg]]
 
 
 
* then config iptables and set package forward.
 
** Add "net.ipv4.ip_forward=1" to "/etc/sysctl.conf"
 
** "/sbin/sysctl -p" to make forward work
 
** "iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.1/24 -o eth3 -j MASQUERADE"
 
 
 
===Ap mode on R64===
 
* Find "mt_wifi.ko" and insmod it.
 
** insmod ./lib/modules/4.4.92-BPI-R64-Kernel/extra/mt_wifi.ko
 
 
 
* Then you will see ra0 and rai0.
 
  [[Image:R64_wifi_test_1.jpg]]
 
 
 
* ra0 is MT7622 2.4G wifi
 
* rai0 is MT7615 5G wifi
 
 
 
====2.4G WiFi====
 
* Use "ifconfig ra0 up" to enable it.
 
* Config the ip, "ifconfig ra0 192.168.1.1".
 
 
 
* Config your dhcp server, "vim /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf", add these configurations.
 
  [[Image:R64_Lan_test_2.jpg]]
 
  
* Start dhcp server, "dhcpd ra0".
+
* echo 433(22+411) > /sys/class/gpio/export
 +
* echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio433/direction
 +
* echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio433/value
  
* then config iptables and set package forward.
+
====PWM FAN Control====
** Add "net.ipv4.ip_forward=1" to "/etc/sysctl.conf"
+
* echo 0 > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/export
** "/sbin/sysctl -p" to make forward work
+
* echo 10000 > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/period
** "iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.1/24 -o eth3 -j MASQUERADE"
+
* echo 5000 >  /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/duty_cycle
 +
* echo normal > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/polarity
 +
* echo 1 > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/enable
  
====5G WiFi====
+
===miniPCIe slot===
* Use "ifconfig rai0 up" to enable it.
+
currently, miniPCIe slot only support one USB 4G module, example: EC25
* Config the ip, "ifconfig rai0 192.168.1.1".
+
when you insert one EC25 module, you may check it.
  
* Config your dhcp server, "vim /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf", add these configurations.
+
[[Image:BPI-R3-miniPCIe-Slot-EC25.jpg]]
  [[Image:R64_Lan_test_2.jpg]]
 
  
* Start dhcp server, "dhcpd rai0".
+
===Ap mode on BPI-R3===
  
* then config iptables and set package forward.
+
* ra0  is MT7986a 2.4G wifi
** Add "net.ipv4.ip_forward=1" to "/etc/sysctl.conf"
+
* rax0 is MT7986a 5G wifi
** "/sbin/sysctl -p" to make forward work
 
** "iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.1/24 -o eth3 -j MASQUERADE"
 
  
 
==FAQ==
 
==FAQ==

Latest revision as of 00:09, 22 September 2022

Introduction

Banana pi 751.jpg

Banana Pi BPI-R3 Router board with MediaTek MT7986(Filogic 830) quad core ARM A53 + MT7531A chip design ,2G DDR RAM ,8G eMMC flash onboard,It is a very high performance open source router development board,support Wi-Fi 6/6E 2.4G wifi use MT7975N and 5G wifi use MT7975P, support 2 SFP 2.5GbE port, and 5 GbE network port.

MediaTek MT7986(Filogic 830)

The MT7986(Filogic 830) integrates four Arm Cortex-A53 cores up to 2GHz with up to 18,000 DMIPs of processing power and 6Gbps of dual 4x4 Wi-Fi 6/6E connectivity. It has two 2.5g Ethernet interfaces and serial peripheral interfaces (SPI). Filogic 830‘s built-in hardware acceleration engine enables fast and reliable Wi-Fi offloading and wireless network connection. In addition, the chip supports Mediatek FastPath™ technology, which is suitable for games, AR/VR and other low-latency applications.

Wi-fi 6E has many advantages over its predecessors, including lower latency, larger bandwidth capacity and faster transmission rates. Wireless network devices supporting the 6GHz band mainly use 160MHz wide channel and 6GHz uncongested bandwidth to provide multigigabit transmission and low-latency wi-fi connection, providing reliable wireless network for streaming media, games, AR/VR and other applications.


Key Features

  • . MediaTek MT7986(Filogic 830) Quad core ARM Cortex A53+MT7531 chip design
  • . Wifi 6/6E 4x4 2.4G Wifi(MT7975N) +4x4 5G Wifi(MT7975P)
  • . 2G DDR RAM
  • . 8G eMMC flash
  • . 2 SFP 2.5GbE
  • . 5 GbE network port
  • . POE support (optional)
  • . Mini PCIe via USB
  • . M.2 KEY-E PCIe inerface
  • . Mciro SD card interface
  • . 26 PIN GPIO

Development

Basic Development

Prepare to develop

 * Prepare 8G/above TF card, USB-Serial interface, Ubuntu System
 * Using your USB-Serial Connect debug console on BPI-R3
 R3 debug console.jpg
 * R3 bootstrap and device select Jumper Setting
 BPI-R3-Jumper.png
  Note: SW1-A and SW1-B is for boot strap selecting;
        SW1-C is that SPI-Nand or SPI-Nor Device is connected to CPU's SPI bus;
        SW1-D is that SD Card or EMMC device is connected tp CPU's EMMC bus.

  * Examples:
    All Jumper is High.
    BPI-R3-Jumper-ALL-High.png
    All Jumper is Low.
    BPI-R3-Jumper-ALL-Low.png

How to burn image to SD card

 A. Note: burn image to SD card on linux computer
   1.You could download latest image from our forum
   * Here is the example image link: 
 
   2.Install bpi-tools on your Ubuntu. If you can't access this URL or any other problems, please go to bpi-tools repo and install this tools manually.
   * apt-get install pv
   * curl -sL https://github.com/BPI-SINOVOIP/bpi-tools/raw/master/bpi-tools | sudo -E bash
 
   3.After you download the image, insert your TF card into your Ubuntu
   * Execute "bpi-copy xxx.img /dev/sdx" to install image on your TF card
 
   4.After step 3, then you can insert your TF card into R3, and press power button to setup R3
 B. Note: burn image to SD card on windows computer
   1. Download the tools from the website:   https://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/
   2. Install the tools into Windows computer.
   3. flash image into SD card.
 
C. Change Boot Jumper to boot from SD, Enable SD Card Device.
   BPI-R3-Jumper-ALL-High.png

How to burn image to onboard eMMC

 Note: because SD card and EMMC device share one SOC's interface, you need flash one SD image firstly, then R3 boot from SD card, then flash nand image into Nand, then change boot strap to boot from nand,  you need flash EMMC image into EMMC. Finally you change bootstrap to boot from EMMC.
 Before burning image to eMMC, please prepare a SD card with flashed bootable image and a USB disk. Let's take OpenWrt image (mtk-bpi-r3-SD-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.img, mtk-bpi-r3-NAND-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.bin, bl2_emmc.img, mtk-bpi-r3-EMMC-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.img) for example, the steps are below:
 1. Insert the flashed SD card and power on to start the board.(the image "mtk-bpi-r3-SD-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.img" on the SD card can be OpenWrt or other linux OS like ubuntu...)
 2. Copy Nand bootable and EMMC boot OpenWrt image(mtk-bpi-r3-NAND-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.bin, bl2_emmc.img, mtk-bpi-r3-EMMC-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.img) to USB disk, if the image is compressed please uncompress it before copying to USB disk.
 3. Plug in USB disk to the board, and mount the USB to /mnt or other directory as follows: (you can skip mounting if it is mounted automatically)
    * mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt 
    * change your directory to the mounting point, here is : cd /mnt
 4. Execute following command to enable and copy image to nand flash:
    * mtd erase /dev/mtd0
    * dd if=mtk-bpi-r3-NAND-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.bin of=/dev/mtdblock0
 5. Shutdown, remove SD card, and change bootstrap to boot from nand flash and change SD/EMMC switch jumper to EMMC, restart the board from Nand Flash.
    Note: Enable EMMC device, boot strap is from nand
    BPI-R3-Jumper-Flash-EMMC.png
 6. repeat step 3, mount u-disk to /mnt, Execute following command to enable and copy image to EMMC device:
    * mount -t vfat /dev/sda1 /mnt
    * echo 0 > /sys/block/mmcblk0boot0/force_ro
    * dd if=bl2_emmc.img of=/dev/mmcblk0boot0
    * dd if=mtk-bpi-r3-EMMC-WAN1-SFP1-20220619-single-image.img of=/dev/mmcblk0
    * mmc bootpart enable 1 1 /dev/mmcblk0
 7. power off R3 board, remove u-disk driver, change bootstrap to boot from emmc device.
    Note: Enable EMMC device, boot strap is from EMMC.
    BPI-R3-Jumper-Boot-EMMC.png

Network-Configuration

BPI-R3 network interface.jpg

[email protected]:/# ifconfig

br-lan Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         inet addr:192.168.1.1  Bcast:192.168.1.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
         inet6 addr: fe80::eca1:57ff:fe81:ca19/64 Scope:Link
         inet6 addr: fd63:8bea:d5ce::1/60 Scope:Global
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:15 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:2418 (2.3 KiB)

br-wan Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         inet6 addr: fe80::eca1:57ff:fe81:ca19/64 Scope:Link
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:34 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:8538 (8.3 KiB)

eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         inet6 addr: fe80::eca1:57ff:fe81:ca19/64 Scope:Link
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:32 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:4408 (4.3 KiB)
         Interrupt:124

eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 4A:BB:84:B4:5D:3F

         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:34 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:8674 (8.4 KiB)
         Interrupt:124

lan0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

lan1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

lan2 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

lan3 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

lan4 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

lan5 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr EE:A1:57:81:CA:19

         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:15 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:2418 (2.3 KiB)

lo Link encap:Local Loopback

         inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
         inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
         UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536  Metric:1
         RX packets:56 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:56 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:4368 (4.2 KiB)  TX bytes:4368 (4.2 KiB)

ra0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0C:43:26:60:38

         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
         Interrupt:6

rax0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 02:0C:43:36:60:38

         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

[email protected]:/# brctl show br-wan

bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces br-wan 7fff.eea15781ca19 no lan0, eth1

[email protected]:/# brctl show br-lan

bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces br-lan 7fff.eea15781ca19 no lan4, rax0, lan2, lan5, ra0, lan3, lan1

[email protected]:/#

Advanced Development

GPIO

26 Pins Definition

R3 gpio 40.jpg

GPIO Control

  • echo xxx > /sys/class/gpio/export
  • echo in/out > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/direction
  • echo 0/1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/value

Check the base gpio, you could see mine is 411

BPI-R3-GPIO-Base.jpg

For example: if you want to change gpio 22 as out highlevel, you need input commands like this:

  • echo 433(22+411) > /sys/class/gpio/export
  • echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio433/direction
  • echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio433/value

PWM FAN Control

  • echo 0 > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/export
  • echo 10000 > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/period
  • echo 5000 > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/duty_cycle
  • echo normal > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/polarity
  • echo 1 > /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwm0/enable

miniPCIe slot

currently, miniPCIe slot only support one USB 4G module, example: EC25 when you insert one EC25 module, you may check it.

BPI-R3-miniPCIe-Slot-EC25.jpg

Ap mode on BPI-R3

  • ra0 is MT7986a 2.4G wifi
  • rax0 is MT7986a 5G wifi

FAQ

  • MT7986a Reference Manual for Develope Board(BPi)
Google Drive:https://drive.google.com/file/d/1biSJmxnIpNzQroYDg9mtPtSTAv4i0DFf/view?usp=sharing

Reference Link

http://forum.banana-pi.org/