Getting Started with R64

From Banana Pi Wiki
Revision as of 18:14, 22 August 2019 by Sinovoip (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

Introduction

BPI-R64 with BPI-7402 POE function support
BPI:4.0 Successful case 5G Converged communication gateway
  The Banana Pi R64 is a router based development board, which can run on a variety of open source operating systems including OpenWrt,Linux. It has 4 Gigabit LAN ports, 1 Gigabit WAN, and AC wifi AP function. use 64 bit chip design.

Read more: Banana Pi BPI-R64

Key Features

  • MediaTek MT7622,1.35GHZ 64 bit dual-core ARM Cortex-A53
  • 1G DDR3 SDRAM
  • Mini PCIE interface support 4G module
  • Built-in 4x4n 802.11n/Bluetooth 5.0 system-on-chip
  • MTK7615 4x4ac wifi on board
  • Support 1 SATA interface
  • MicroSD slot supports up to 256GB expansion
  • 8G eMMC flash (option 16/32/64G)
  • 5 port 10/100/1000 Mb Ethernet port
  • 1 Port USB 3.0
  • Slow I/O:ADC, Audio Amplifier, GPIO, I2C, I2S, IR, PMIC I/F, PWM, RTC, SPI, UART
  • POE function support

Development

Basic Development

Prepare to develop

 * Prepare 8G/above TF card, USB-Serial interface, Ubuntu System
 * Using your USB-Serial Connect debug console on R64
 R64 debug console.jpg

Load your first image on R64

 1.You could download latest image from our forum
 * Here is the example image link: 
 
 2.Install bpi-tools on your Ubuntu
 * apt-get install pv
 * curl -sL https://github.com/BPI-SINOVOIP/bpi-tools/raw/master/bpi-tools | sudo -E bash
 
 3.After you download the image, insert your TF card into your Ubuntu
 * Execute "bpi-copy xxx.img /dev/sdx" to install image on your TF card
 
 4.After step 3, then you can insert your TF card into R64, and press power button to setup R64

Ubuntu On Emmc

 1. If you want to install image on EMMC, follow these steps:
 * Burn an image to sd card, and set up R64 with sd card.
 * Copy the image which name contains "xxx-emmc-xxx" to U disk.
 * mount U disk to R64, then use bpi-copy to burn image to Emmc.  
   bpi-copy  <XXX.img.zip>
   R64 Emmc image.jpg
 * After this, reboot R64.
 * Remove SD & power on.

Network-Configuration

Advanced Development

GPIO

40 Pins Definition

R64 gpio 40.jpg

GPIO Control

  • echo xxx > /sys/class/gpio/export
  • echo in/out > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/direction
  • echo 0/1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpioxxx/value

Check the base gpio, you could see mine is 409

R64 gpio base.jpg

For example: if you want to change gpio 22 as out highlevel, you need input commands like this:

  • echo 431(22+409) > /sys/class/gpio/export
  • echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio431/direction
  • echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio431/value

PWM Control

  • echo x >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/export
  • echo 200000 >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwmx/period
  • echo 100000 >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwmx/duty_cycle
  • echo 1 >/sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0/pwmx/enable

Sata

  • If you want to use Sata interface on R64, you need to give GPIO90 low level
    • echo 499 > /sys/class/gpio/export
    • echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/direction
    • echo 0 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/value
  • Test a TOSHIBA HDD DISK, the Read/Write performance are below:
Read from disk: 50MB/s command: dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=1M count=1024
Write to disk: 38MB/s command: dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda bs=1M count=1024

R64 hdd sata test.jpg

  • Test a SAMSUNG SSD DISK, the Read/Write performance are below:
Read from disk: 360MB/s command: dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=1M count=1024
Write to disk: 200MB/s command: dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda bs=1M count=1024

R64 ssd sata test.jpg

PCIe

  • If you want to use PCIe interface on R64, you need to give GPIO90 high level
    • echo 499 > /sys/class/gpio/export
    • echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/direction
    • echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio499/value
  • PCIe supports EC-25 4G module.

R64 pcie test 1.jpg

R64 pcie test 2.jpg

GMAC

Use iperf3 to test gmac

1. On PC Terminal:

  • Execute "iperf3 -s"

2. On R64 console:

  • TCP test: "iperf3 -c serverIP"
  • UDP test: "iperf3 -u -c serverIP"

R64 Gmac test.jpg

BT & BLE on R64

R64 BT Architectural

R64 BT Arch.jpg

  • BLE on R64
  • Input Command "btmw-test", you will enter to "btmw_test_cli" command line

R64 BT cli.jpg

  • Here are some example commands:
    • MW_GAP name 7622_BT /*rename bt device*/
    • MW_GAP info /*check local BT device info*/
    • MW_GATTC scan /* start ble scan*/
    • MW_GATTC stop_scan /* stop ble scan*/

R64 LAN Function

  • LAN eth interface is eth2, use "ifconfig eth2 up" to enable it.
  • Config the ip, "ifconfig eth2 192.168.1.1".
 R64 Lan test 1.jpg
  • Config your dhcp server, "vim /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf", add these configurations.
 R64 Lan test 2.jpg
  • Start dhcp server, "dhcpd eth2".
 R64 Lan test 3.jpg
  • then config iptables and set package forward.
    • Add "net.ipv4.ip_forward=1" to "/etc/sysctl.conf"
    • "/sbin/sysctl -p" to make forward work
    • "iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.1/24 -o eth3 -j MASQUERADE"

Ap mode on R64

  • Find "mt_wifi.ko" and insmod it.
    • insmod ./lib/modules/4.4.92-BPI-R64-Kernel/extra/mt_wifi.ko
  • Then you will see ra0 and rai0.
 R64 wifi test 1.jpg
  • ra0 is MT7622 2.4G wifi
  • rai0 is MT7615 5G wifi

2.4G WiFi

  • Use "ifconfig ra0 up" to enable it.
  • Config the ip, "ifconfig ra0 192.168.1.1".
  • Config your dhcp server, "vim /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf", add these configurations.
 R64 Lan test 2.jpg
  • Start dhcp server, "dhcpd ra0".
  • then config iptables and set package forward.
    • Add "net.ipv4.ip_forward=1" to "/etc/sysctl.conf"
    • "/sbin/sysctl -p" to make forward work
    • "iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.1/24 -o eth3 -j MASQUERADE"

5G WiFi

  • Use "ifconfig rai0 up" to enable it.
  • Config the ip, "ifconfig rai0 192.168.1.1".
  • Config your dhcp server, "vim /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf", add these configurations.
 R64 Lan test 2.jpg
  • Start dhcp server, "dhcpd rai0".
  • then config iptables and set package forward.
    • Add "net.ipv4.ip_forward=1" to "/etc/sysctl.conf"
    • "/sbin/sysctl -p" to make forward work
    • "iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.1/24 -o eth3 -j MASQUERADE"

FAQ

  • MT7622 Reference Manual for Develope Board(BPi)
Google Drive:https://drive.google.com/open?id=1UhaIM9ork1O9cNO-t6ENMVVamB75AThV
BaiDu Drive:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1KduFT2MUvMs2FhOF4A8kQQ

Reference Link

http://forum.banana-pi.org/